Tuesday, November 13, 2018

Campaigns are over - time for the first decisions, setting the course by the new Village Council - issue: setting any new policy and reacting to the Unsolicited Proposal-Mixed Use Downtown Development - UP No. 1819-00-002

Palmetto Bay has received what is known as an "unsolicited bid" for a 5 story mixed use project that includes a parking garage for no less than 450 vehicles in the downtown Franjo Road area[(the area is depicted in "attachment A - site plan", the .JPEG (posted to the right) of the site location plan].

CLICK HERE to download and view the entire 28 page document.

Initial statement as to "unsolicited bids": Unsolicited bids - and the procedure for how the public entity (in this case, Palmetto Bay) responds to unsolicited bids - are managed by State law.  See FS 255.065. Unsolicited bids are not unique to Palmetto Bay. Unsolicited bids are common and that is why there is a specific state law that provides for a process when received.

It is the responsibility of the Village Manager/Administration to follow the State Law upon receipt of an unsolicited bid and present the proposal and responses to the Village Council for their action.

It is the responsibility of the members of the Village Council to follow the law in their action on any unsolicited bid, in regard to accepting or rejecting the unsolicited bid and other responses.

The proposed project (presently proposed as a five story project):

The Development initiative includes the construction of a mixed-use facility including:
A 450 space minimum parking garage,
20,000 sf commercial retail spaces,
An entertainment component,
Open public spaces, and
A 120-key minimum hotel component.

The Village has also specified that, at a minimum, the Project must include:

Enhanced lighting,
Roadway interface,
Streetscape improvements,
Sustainable practices, and
Smart technologies.
The parking structure will provide a min of 450 spaces, with 85 spaces being designated for Village Hall use and the balance of parking being used to support other land uses which can be developed on one or all parcels shown in the attached site plan (Attachment A).
The mixed-use downtown development/parking garage component shall provide a pedestrian bridge connection to Village Hall Municipal Building in the future. The Project shall incorporate enhanced pedestrian-oriented amenities and ground floor activation along Franjo and US1, promoting walkability, activating street corners catering to pedestrians.

Involved land – four parcels of property (photos are of the existing properties): 

Parcel A in Attachment A is a Village owned parcel. The Respondent Proposer can develop the project scope on the full site or partial site.
Parcel B and C in Attachment A are not Village owned, however, current land owners have provided a Letter of Intent indicating interest in making their property part of the Village’s Mixed-Use Downtown Development Project.

The Project site can include three parcels. See (Attachment B) for survey information:

Parcel A- Folio # 33-5032-004-3120 Village Owned
Parcel B-Folio # 33-5032-004-3180 Owned by Hagan Properties LLC
Parcel C- Folio # 33-5032-004-3200 Owned by Dixie 176 Corporations
Parcel D- Folio # 33-5032-004-3120 Village Owned/ Village Hall Site

CLICK HERE to review the entire 28 page document.  This Proposal Requirements Document (“UP” or “Request”) is issued by the Village of Palmetto Bay, Florida (the “Village”), pursuant to Florida Statute Section 255.065, notifying interested parties that it has received an unsolicited proposal for the development of a parking garage and a mixed- use development in Palmetto Bay as a public-private partnership (the “Project”).  All information is contained in the Notice of Receipt of Unsolicited Proposal for Mixed-Use Downtown Development for Village of Palmetto Bay, Solicitation No: UP 1819-00-002

WHAT THIS MEANS – pursuant to state law, other qualified interested parties may submit a legally sufficient competitive bid for this project.

"The Village of Palmetto Bay (the “Village”) will accept other Proposals from qualified firms to deliver the Project and design, build, finance, operate and maintain the Project in accordance with the specifications set forth in this UP (“Proposal”). There are no Village funds allocated for this project."

TAKE NOTE: The Village’s project contribution is strictly land as part of a ground lease agreement with Developer.

Are you planning on submitting a proposal? 
Proposals Due December 11th, 2018 3:00 pm or earlier
Attn: Missy Arocha
Village Clerk
9705 E. Hibiscus Street
Palmetto Bay, Florida 33157

Friendly Reminder - FDOT District Six Tentative Five-Year Work Program Public Hearing in Miami-Dade County


Come Learn About the Florida
Department of Transportation's District Six 

6 p.m. to 8 p.m. Tuesday, November 13, 2018
Hilton Garden Inn - Flamingo Conference Room 
1695 NW 111 Avenue, Sweetwater, Florida 33172

 Can't attend in person? Join us online!
 You can participate in the public hearing via webcast and Facebook Live at the same time and date listed above. The presentation will begin at 6:45 p.m.

Register for the GoToWebinar here for Miami-Dade County only
Watch on Facebook Live @MyFDOTMiami


 Click here to visit our website

Monday, November 12, 2018

In memorium, Stan Lee passes at age 95

He lead a long and productive life, Stan Lee passed away at age 95.

Born on December 28, 1922, in Manhattan, New York City, NY.  He passed away on November 12, 2018, in Los Angeles, CA.

Stan Lee - Deadpool
Stan Lee's full name is Stanley Martin Lieber

Come on, admit it, how many watched a Marvel movie specifically to find the Stan Lee cameo?  Some were more obvious than others. He also played himself in at least one episode of the CBS Show "Big Bang Theory".

CLICK HERE to view a Wikipedia listing of the Stan Lee movie cameos.

Read the full article here in the New York Times: Stan Lee, Superhero of Marvel Comics, Dies at 95
Stan Lee - Big Bang Theory

Goals for 2019 - getting back into biking shape and raising money for outstanding causes - EBC Freedom Ride. March 31, 2019.

It is time to get back on the road bike - and raise money for an outstanding cause. I plan on riding the metric century route and it will take the next few months to properly prepare. Please let me know if you want to join me in the 2019 Freedom Ride.

The 2019 Freedom Ride is scheduled for Sunday, March 31.  

Registration opens January 1, 2019. When open, you can register at ACTIVE.COM/FREEDOMRIDE2019 for this March 31, 2019 ride. The ride starts at 7:30 AM sharp!

The ride begins with a one lap on/around the Homestead Motor Speedway racetrack and then heads south to Key Largo and back.

This is a fully supported ride with multiple rest stops and SAG. Lunch and beverages are included.

Past facts: The EBC Freedom Ride benefits the FREEDOM TEAM OF WOUNDED VETERANS, a branch of Achilles International.  The FREEDOM TEAM of handcyclists, accompanied by sponsoring cyclist-buddies, will be leading out the group of riders.  

The Century (100 miles) and Metric Century+ (65 miles) head to Key Largo. The 29 and 42 mile courses continue through rural south Miami-Dade County.

SAG support will be available on all courses for mechanical and flat tire assistance, as well as transportation for cyclists suffering from fatigue. 

Rest Stops along each route will be stocked with water, sports drinks, and energy snacks.

Lunch is included in your registration and is served upon return.

This is a fun ride for a great cause.  Join us.

Eugene Flinn

Sunday, November 11, 2018

Happy Veterans Day 2018 - Thank you to those (and their families) who have served our country.

I would like to take this opportunity to recognize and thank all US Military veterans for their service to our country. Everyone should take a moment to honor those who have preserved our freedom and protected all of our rights, including the right to vote. Veterans Day is a holiday honoring living military veterans. It is a Federal and State holiday observed by all states.

President Woodrow Wilson first proclaimed Armistice Day on November 11, 1919. Other countries today also still recognize November 11th as Armistice Day or Remembrance Day in honor of the Armistice treaty which ended WWI. The U.S Congress amended this act on November 8, 1954, making this holiday Veterans Day as we know it today.  

Military dot com list ways that you can celebrate and educate your children about Veterans Day: http://www.military.com/veterans-day/celebrate-veterans-day.html

History dot com offers a wealth of information about Veteran’s Day: http://www.history.com/topics/holidays/veterans-day-facts

Thank you to every man and women who has served our county as a member of our armed forces.

Saturday, November 10, 2018

Bobcat caught eating invasive iguana in Boynton Beach

Will nature step forward and provide a solution for Palmetto Bay's invasive Iguana problem?

Reported in the Miami Herald, online: Bobcat caught eating invasive iguana in Boynton Beach, by Monique O. Madan, complete article:

A visitor on a wildlife refuge tram tour captured a photo of a bobcat with its prey in its mouth Friday afternoon.

In a photo posted by the Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge in Boynton Beach, a giant, non-native green iguana is seen hanging from the bobcat’s mouth.

“Green iguanas are not native to South Florida, so this bobcat is doing good by preying on a non-native species,” the wildlife refuge posted on Facebook.

Read more here:
Bobcat caught eating invasive iguana in Boynton Beach, by Monique O. Madan

CLICK HERE to view the FWC website and information regarding nonnative reptiles

Friday, November 9, 2018

Thank you Palmetto Bay!

I have enjoyed 12 wonderful years serving as Mayor of the Village of Palmetto Bay. Although eager to what the future will bring, I admit that I look forward to the freedom to participate as an engaged resident as I did from 2011 - 2014.

Each and every administration is held accountable for decisions made. Others now take on the responsibility of public office and will be judged by their own promises made and kept, their own accomplishments reached and their own handling of issues as they arise.

I remain proud of our accomplishments, and while not everyone may have agreed, we certainly moved our village forward from humble beginnings.

I am proud of my record for sustainability here in Palmetto Bay. I have worked hard to make Palmetto Bay a green city and make it greener every day.  Please click "Read more" to review some of my favorite accomplishments brought to Palmetto Bay. And, please feel free to review the official 2018 State of the Village Video to review some of the accomplishments of Team Palmetto Bay:

Saturday, October 20, 2018

The facts about the Palmetto Bay Village Center. Its not 485, its never been 485.

We hold the cards.  My opponent and her team either do not get it about the 22 acres or they have no qualms about deliberately spreading misinformation.

It could not be any simpler: The developer must transfer the 22 acres to the village as a condition to any change in developmental rights at the Palmetto Bay Village Center.

Not transferring the 22 acres means that that the developer has no right to 85 units, granted or reduced.

Not transferring the 22 acres to the village means that that the developer's rights remain as existed since 2008: 300 senior units, 100 town homes.

There has never been and never will be 485- based upon the traffic chokeholds that we placed in the ordinance we passed 3-2 in 2016.  We are in some serious negotiations, and those negotiations are delicate. The negotiations require that politics be put aside and we speak in a unified voice.

So far these negotiations are playing out as expected at the Monday, Oct. 15, hearing as the PBVC owners:

  • Objected to this ordinance, also alleging the timing is premature.
  • Threatened to not deed over the 22 acres (actually 40 acres) unless they get their way.
Strong leadership stands up to threats.  We countered with the fact that the PBVC loses all of their rights of the 2016 ordinance if they walk away, reverting back to the 2008 rights. The owners of the PBVC don't want this.

Here are some of the concessions I achieved Monday night (October 15, 2018):
  • The owners admitted that the final number will not be "485". 
  • The representative for the PBVC mentioned that negotiations are ongoing for 200 -- half of the units -- to be Senior housing units. That's a HUGE offer in regard to traffic reduction.
The Village Manager and our Village Attorney will now enter into negotiations that should result in a significant reduction of the overall impact of this property AND obtain endangered Pine Rocklands.

None of the above would have happened if Councilman Singer had not brought this ordinance forward. None of this will happen, or our final results will be reduced if we don't stand together.

Being mayor is a special responsibility that I take very seriously. I have to continue to work hard and represent the best interest of the Village. Contrast this with a candidate and her supporters who undermine the process for there own political gain.

Friday, October 19, 2018

Pine Rockland preservation advocate Al Sunshine has endorsed Eugene Flinn for Mayor, Palmetto Bay

Environmentalist / Pine Rockland preservation advocate Al Sunshine has endorsed Eugene Flinn for Mayor, Palmetto Bay.

Mr. Sunshine was direct and to the point:
I fully support Mayor Eugene Flinn’s re-election as an environmentally conscious neighbor who’s worked hard for us and remains committed to maintaining our quality of life and endangered habitats.
He’s an avid, long time supporter of preserving our vanishing Pine Rocklands.
Any friend of the Miami Tiger Beetle is a friend of mine.
Re-Elect Mayor Flinn!
Al Sunshine 
Thank you Al. It is my pleasure to work with you on preserving our environment.

Eugene Flinn

I am proud to announce my Sierra Club endorsement!

I am humbled to announce that I have been endorsed by the Sierra Club.

I am proud of my record for sustainability here in Palmetto Bay. I have worked hard to get Palmetto Bay to be a green city and make it greener every day. Growth is smart growth - and limited growth. I am proud to participate as a member of the Miami Pine Rocklands Coalition among other environmental groups.  I participate and listen and work toward preservation of land from fighting to preserve 22 acres of endangered Pine Rockland at the Palmetto Bay Village Center, to working for grants (to pay in full) our park land. 

 As Mayor, I have refused to meet with developers in private. I am the only member of the Palmetto Bay council who can say this.  I have held meetings in public where interested members of the public can attend, listen and participate. 
              I am also proud of working with the original Village Council to renovate existing parks and buying new parkland, as well as bringing diverse park amenities including a dog park, softball complex, beach volleyball courts, and a skate park. I have seen to it that we include and protect our environment sensitive areas such as the 5 acre Pineland in Coral Reef Park. I have also worked with the team to purchase and preserve a bay front park (Thalatta Estate). Activities include Earth Week (to raise environmental awareness) and age friendly programming and promoting bicycling within the village. I participate annually with the various bike to work, alternative transportation events.

              I created “Shade Palmetto Bay” – our annual tree / plant give away (native of course).  This year, I put my money where my mouth is and personally donated 130 seedling pines for the giveaway.

              I worked for for recognition of our green spaces as Florida-Friendly Landscapes. Note that in our Village of Parks, Coral Reef, Palmetto Bay and Perrine Wayside Dog Park were recognized on June 18, 2018. 

              I signed on to the US Conference of Mayors Climate Protection Agreement and joined Sierra Club’s Mayors for 100% Clean Energy – not just signing, but following up on and keeping the commitments made.

I opposed Amendment one in 2016 – sponsoring reso 2016-90 that passed by a slim 3/2 margin.   https://www.palmettobay-fl.gov/DocumentCenter/View/2739/Resolution-2016-90-PDF  Both my opponents, Karyn Cunningham and Tim Schaffer, voted AGAINST my reso warning the public of the hidden agenda contained in Amendment one.

 I was the prime sponsor in bringing Palmetto Bay in as a participating municipality with the Southeast Florida Regional Climate Change Compact when it was formalized back in 2009/2010. 

I was the first of our local officials to advocate for the completion of CERP/BBCW in our region. See Palmetto Bay Resolution:  2007-044

I sponsored (with a single co-sponsor) Reso 2009-018 Urging the US Congress and Florida Legislature to fully fund Biscayne Bay Wetlands projects

Reso2007-073 – in support of the SFWMD request for congressional appropriation of funds necessary to bring the Herbert Hoover Dike into compliance with current levee protection safety standards

Reso2016-036 Urging the US Army Corps of Engineers, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection and the SFWMD to expedite Phase II of the Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands Project.

Under my leadership, Palmetto Bay has led the way in green initiatives, building the first countywide LEED-certified park building at Coral Reef Park, followed by the very first statewide Platinum LEED-certified Village Hall! 

·                Palmetto Bay Charter member PACE – I serve on the district board
·                Preserving green space, creation of new green space/parks as well as updating existing green space and parks.  
·                Championed the creation of a Sustainable Community Plan (SCP). 

I sponsored resolution preserving the following acreage:

·       Ludovici Park, working with our Miami-Dade County Environmental Crimes to take ownership of land which had previously suffered mangrove destruction, restoring those mangroves and placing that land in the public domain, eventually becoming Ludovici Park – where a library now stands and the restored mangrove area rests, off the private ownership and in protective hands.

·     Land that the County was about to surplused to developers into public ownership -  soon to be known as The Woods along 168th street.

·     I was the sponsor of Palmetto Bay Resolution 2010-32, Opposing the FPL application relating to Turkey Point Units 6 & &, power lines, opposing the siting transmission lines down US1 (the subsequent administration pulled out of this effort, leaving Pinecrest and South Miami to win this effort without Palmetto Bay’s collaboration).

Notable resolutions are numerous, but some of my favorites that I sponsored include:

·       2005-043, calling upon the Board of County Commissioners to oppose any extension to the Urban Development Boundary (“Hold The Line”)

·       2007-049 Relating to protecting the land considered to be a wildlife sanctuary at SW 168th Street and 88th.

·       2008-078  Requesting Miami-Dade to authorize the use of low emission vehicles on County Owned Residential streets located within Palmetto Bay and the County as such low emission vehicles would assist with greening communities by lowering gas emissions and curtail use of gas, ensure slower speeds and thus protect residents, pedestrians and general public.

      2016-68, opposing the DEP's weakening of restrictions that would allow an increase in the release of toxic chemicals into Florida’s Waters.

·     Obtaining the Tree City USA Designation in my second term.

I am including the following blog posts I have written on these and other environmental topics.

We need to protect and prepare for our future, whether it is protecting our native Pine Rocklands, Mangroves, or Everglades.  We need to grow smart or not at all.  And don’t leave out transportation.  Transportation is another Number One issue (yes - there are more than a single critical issue facing South Florida) as growing gridlock is rapidly eroding our quality of life – but more on that in a future post.

I remain proud of my accomplishments to date as well as my ongoing commitment to continue the vision and work to further and exceed these past accomplishments, including:

Palmetto Bay seeks to become a model community for energy savings and environmental conservation. The Municipal Center is a testament to this goal. For more information, please feel free to review the following Official Palmetto Bay webpages:

  • Have You Heard? Green is the New Black!
  • Palmetto Bay Green Page
    And a few of my past blog posts, including:
  • May 4, 2018, Great response to our solar initiatives. Thank you to all who have participated.
  • October 9, 2012, Great news. It is official. Palmetto Bay's Village Hall receives Platinum LEED certification.
  • August 23, 2017, The Smart Growth Partnership - The Village of Palmetto Bay wins a smart growth award for its DUV Code.
  • Also see the article posted online through the Southeast Florida Regional Compact (an organization I have sponsored participating with):  Village Hall LEED Platinum Certified Facility
  • Obtaining certification of the first Green Certified municipal building in Miami-Dade County (our Parks building at Coral Reef Park).
  • Solar power initiatives.  Co-sponsoring Solar Co-Ops
  • Prime sponsor of permit fee waiver initiatives for Solar Panel initiative.
  • Championing the efforts to purchase and preserve Thalatta Estate - working with the willing seller to buy the property through the Trust for Public Lands and Florida Communities Trust to bring this property into public ownership for all to enjoy.
  • Went electronic, eliminating paper - for e-newsletters - first created e-currents and now "Your Village At Work."
  • Tree City USA Designation
  • Working for recognition of our green spaces as Florida-Friendly Landscapes. Note that in our Village of Parks, Coral Reef, Palmetto Bay and Perrine Wayside Dog Park were recognized on June 18, 2018. 
  • I have also actively worked to support the efforts of community groups such as LivableCutler at the county and state level to halt over development. These efforts led to public acquisition of 130 acres earmarked for CERP/BBCW. My entire family have been part of the volunteer effort to restore the acquired coastal wetlands.
  • Finally – I established a Palmetto Bay “Environmentalist of the Year” Award – to recognize and encourage environmental action.
Thank you Sierra Club! 

Eugene Flinn

Thursday, October 18, 2018

What’s So Special about a 22 Acre Forest on Old Cutler Road, by Eduardo Varona, Guest Post

Many have questioned over the last decade what is the importance of 22 acres of privately owned native forest on the east side of Old Cutler Rd just north of SW 184 St in Palmetto Bay. Some have claimed and said it is a protected forest. The private owner at times has wanted to develop it and at times seems to want to protect it. Politicians have even fallen on their own swords actually proposing to develop it. At times part of the forest was even looked at for a fire station to serve the surrounding neighborhoods. 

In the last four years there has been a serious push to finally give steadfast lasting protections to this forest through a deal between the Village of Palmetto Bay and the private owner, the Palmetto Bay Village Center (PBVC). This agreement would involve a transfer of developmental rights from the 22 acres east to the parcels surrounding the PBVC. And Palmetto Bay would receive the 22 acre forest as the newest passive park in the “Village of Parks”.

So this begs the question, do the 22 acres of forest need protection? Is this privately owned forest currently protected from development now and in the future?

The answer to the second question is a very certain NO. The 22 acres have never been designated a Natural Forest Community (NFC) by the County and therefore are not protected whatsoever under County laws. To have been designated an NFC the private owner could have approached the county and asked for an ecological and biological assessment of the site. This has never happened. Had it happened, due to the relatively well maintained condition of the forest it would most likely have been designated an NFC. However, even if it had been designated an NFC it would only have protected a percentage of it from development, not all of it. 

What about a covenant that allegedly exists or existed that allegedly protects the forest. Well, depending on who you ask and on which side of the bed they woke, there is a covenant of sorts that is enforced by the Village. A covenant that the Village agrees is soon scheduled to expire.

But in actuality that covenant doesn’t protect the forest at all. It only protects the homes across from the forest along Old Cutler Rd by maintaining a “visual buffer” so that those homes can’t see the PBVC building. That is the extent of the covenant which is due to expire in 2019, if you ask the experts. Finally, is there interest by the private owner to develop the forest? Well why wouldn’t there be as it is prime real estate right on old Cutler Rd. If not protected, someday it will be developed.

Now let’s go back to the original question, the title of this writing. What’s so special about a 22 acre forest on Old Cutler Rd? This forest is very special indeed.  It is one of the last remaining remnants of the tropical rockland forest ecosystem that covered Miami-Dade County before we bulldozed 98% of it. Yes there is roughly only 2% left of this forest ecosystem left in all of South Florida. Most of this ecosystem existed almost exclusively in South Miami-Dade. And day by day we lose additional acreage to development and neglect. 

Specifically, the 22 acres of the PBVC is a tropical rockland forest composed of rockland hammock and pine rockland. These two forest communities exist on the oolitic limestone ground in a fluid equilibrium with each other as the land can transition back and forth between the two distinct plant communities in a natural and controlled process influenced by fire, hydrology, and by man. The species diversity both plant and animal that this 22 acre forest harbors cannot be measured in dollars. It should not ever be measured in dollars. In fact some years ago, the 22 acres was nominated for inclusion into the County's Environmentally Endangered Lands (EEL) acquisition program.  County biologists assessed the site in response and documented the important habitat values.  As a result, the Board of County Commissioners added this site to the list of lands that EEL should purchase for management and protection.  The land has remained on the list ever since awaiting funding for purchase.

Roughly half of the 22 acre forest is pine rockland with the rest consisting of an oak hammock also containing trees such as mastic and gumbo limbo. Yet it is a little known fact that pine rockland is a worldwide endangered ecosystem and plant community which only occurs in Cuba, Bahamas, and yes, Miami-Dade County, and only in South Dade. 

There is more that makes this 22 acre forest more unique than other similar parcels in South Dade. This forest is one of the last remnants of a vast coastal forest that existed in a long ecotone where the forest met the South Dade coastal wetlands and then beyond that Biscayne Bay. And there is even more that makes it so special. 

Few understand that all throughout the Miami coastal ridge where now lie the municipalities of Palmetto Bay, Cutler Bay, and Pinecrest there existed transverse glades, also known as finger glades. These transverse glades, traversed the coastal ridge as creeks and fresh water wetlands that in the wet season flowed with fresh water from the Everglades all the way to Biscayne Bay. One very large transverse glade occurred in the area known as Bel Aire in Cutler bay and it ran northeast into Palmetto Bay emptying most of its fresh water into Biscayne Bay at the Deering Estate.  This same transverse glade, now a canal, at one time also fed this 22 acre forest and the coastal wetlands abutting it with a seasonal seepage of subterranean ground water through the porous limestone underfoot. In fact an unusual tree species for this location so close to the coast still lives on the edge of these 22 acres at the spot where it once met the coastal wetlands. The Swamp Bay, a tree in the Avocado family, mainly occurs in the Everglades tree islands and in transverse glades. And that a specimen of this tree still grows on the edge of the 22 acre forest is evidence of the strong Everglades fresh water connection that once existed at the site.

So to come full circle, the 22 acres is significant in of itself as one of the last remnants of a vast tropical rockland coastal forest that once existed but is now mostly gone. However, the last piece of the intricate story is that this 22 acre forest lies right beside the Biscayne Bay Coastal Wetlands (BBCW) restoration project which is an integral component of the Comprehensive Everglades Restoration Plan (CERP). This large scale CERP restoration project is planned to restore many thousands of acres of coastal wetlands and the near-shore adjacent portions of Biscayne Bay.  With the exception of what has already been restored at the Deering Estate, the most northerly component of this large project is the 130 acre restoration parcel purchased by the Water Management District just to the south of the 22 acre forest.  This makes the forest and its protection an effort worthy of local, county, state, national, and international significance.

This precious 22 acre forest if preserved will support and enhance BBCW and the Village of Parks far into the future.

Swamp bay trees that are proof of the connection of this forest to fresh water wetlands.